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Dendritic cells: basic concepts р. 9-17

E.A. Grishchenko

 

Scientific and clinical advisory center of an allergology and immunology, Moscow, Russia

 

Dendritic cells are widely represented in organs and tissues, but their quantity is small (less than 1-2%). Despite the small numbers, the dendritic cells are extraordinarily high-efficiency. They play a central role in the initiation of the innate and adaptive immune response, as well as in the differentiation of regulatory T cells required for tolerance to its own cells. Dendritic cells are the main «professional» antigen-presenting cells.

 

Keywords: dendritic cells, myeloid dendritic cells, plasmacytoid dendritic cells, Langerhans cells, antigen-presenting cells.

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